The Time were Toothache Get Severe

Think of a toothache as not serious condition is tempting to think. And, while they can be very painful; in most cases they are not too serious. The primary cause of toothaches is cavities, and in many cases a filling is all you need to remedy the problem.

But, there are times when a toothache can be more serious. Since it can be very difficult for you to determine what’s causing a toothache on your own, every toothache should be taken seriously. A visit to the dentist is always in order when a tooth starts giving you trouble.

These might be surprised you that toothache can be a symptom of:

* Acute infection * Oral Cancer * Sinus condition * Ear infections * Heart disease

You will surely agree that all of these problems requires enough time. Therefore, it is important that you take every toothache seriously, and be sure to visit your dentist for proper treatment and examination. You should get immediate dental treatment if your toothache is caused by either a broken tooth or serious infections.

Doctors are learning more and more about the connection with the health of our mouths and the health of the rest of our bodies. Taking good care of your mouth, including visiting the dentist both routinely and in times of problems, is a great way to help protect your overall health. Some other things you can do to improve the health of your mouth include:

* Consistent brushing, flossing and rinsing twice daily * Switching to all natural oral care products

You may be surprised at the recommendation regarding all natural dental care products apart from the advice about brushing flossing and rinsing.

The oral care products made commercially contain ingredients that we don’t actually need including:

* Fluoride, which is completely unnecessary for adults and which can be toxic in high quantities

* Sodium lauryl sulfate, which is soap. This can give skin irritation and has been proven to cause canker sores

* Saccharin – Often used to sweeten toothpastes, saccharin has been shown to cause cancer in lab rats.

Oil of mint is the best substance you can use for mouth care. It is a powerful anti-bacterial, so it kills the germs that cause tooth decay and gingivitis. It has no side effects.

Choose an all natural product like OraMD, that is made primarily of oil of mint and you’ll ensure that you have an all natural dental care product that kills the bacteria without all the other harmful additives.

Even having a dental care routine at this point of time; do not disregard that toothache. Your dentist can determine the cause and get you on your way to healing fast.

Proper Way of Cleaning Your Tongue

Taking a bath and proper grooming is not enough if you would like to have a healthy body, and you must understand that maintaining a healthy physique is important.. Your mouth is one of the most important parts of your body which you should keep healthy and strong. When you think about keeping your mouth clean, it does not mean you only have to clean your teeth. Your tongue really should be included so that you can be able to say that you really have a clean mouth.

Your jaws as well as your tongue is home to millions of microorganisms which will result in serious common problems. Cleaning your language as well as your entire mouth might help you prevent a number of oral illnesses such as oral cancer, chewing gum diseases, plague, tooth decay, gingivitis and additional oral problems which will result in you to have low self esteem.

In cleaning your tongue, you should not use toothbrush, while the name involving this thing implies, it’s for your teeth, make use of a tongue scraper instead because there are a lot of microorganisms which can develop in your language. You should clean it on a regular basis. If you do not have a language scraper, a soft bristled tooth brush will do. Set a small amount of mouthwash on it, and comb your teeth in a circular motion.

Powerful mouthwash will even help in cleanup your language, and will prevent you from getting bad breath. There are many of these varieties in the market so you have a lots of options. You can also chew a substantial mint to have the opportunity to have fresh new breath.

And there is many mouth wash and other oral care products in the market today, you have to have to choose the the one that will give orally and tongue the appropriate cleaning that they can deserve.

Maintaining a good oral habit will be the best way for you to have a great oral hygiene. Browsing your dental professional once or twice per year is also needed for you to get the clear mouth and language that you ought to have.

Maintaining your actual physical health is just one way to use a better lifestyle. Cleaning orally and tongue may help you become a far better person, exactly how? If you have clean mouth area and tongue you won’t worry associated with some significant oral difficulties especially foul breath, this will offer you confidence to encounter any person and present yourself without possessing back.

The History Behind Cancer Meditation

Cancer Meditation may take it easier to live with and therefore allow you to concentrate on the aspects of cancer treatment that you can heal yourself. During the 1970s and 80d an Australian psychologist Ainslie Meares started to study the effects of meditation on the immune system with a specific question as to whether or not it was possible to reduce the size of tumors by meditation.

The idea behind it was: 1. to get excited about the here and now 2. live in this moment for the moment, but to plan for the future as well. Living in the moment is savoring the now time which is especially important for cancer patients, the renewed sense of connection that they feel because most families pull together in a crisis.

It is human to dream about the future and plan, but for many healthy people it can bring about a sense of profound depression because it can be very disappointing. Often those that are chasing wistful dreams for the future can forget to live and taste the benefit of the now moments. It can be so easy to take the presence for granted and assume that we always have a now, when of course we cannot take that for granted.

The trauma of being told that one has cancer is sufficient to make a lot of people lose their sense of equilibrium for a time, and meditation helps to realign your life to realize what is important. The more positive that you are the more positive the outcome of your cancer treatment will be.

Meditation from a psychological perspective is intentional self-regulation of attention, a mental shift to focus on a particular experience, and the outcome is often the relief of stress and other side effects of cancer treatment. It helps you to sleep more naturally, cancer patients often find that they suffer from insomnia, or they wake up in the night, the relief of stress through meditation often means a deeper nights sleep.

Medical research has shown that meditation is effective, because it can reduce anxiety and lessen the likelihood of a panic attack, it reduces chronic pain, and lessens overall stress levels.

Meditation is never going to cure your cancer but it may make it easier to live with and therefore allow you to concentrate on the aspects of cancer treatment that you can heal yourself. It seems that meditation affects the brain patterns. Clinical trials have shown that healthy people who meditate have a higher level of brain activity in areas of the brain that control emotional states.

The positive outcome of meditation is the fact that it can be done anywhere, there are no averse side effects, you may find that it does not help you feel better, but it is not going to have an averse affect. The second benefit is that most people feel the benefit immediately. As there are different schools of meditation such as Zen meditation, Transcendental Meditation, Tibetan meditation as well as those from tai chi and other martial arts. Meditation can be practiced by all the family because the strain and anxiety of cancer affects everyone.

Great Info Of Women And Cancer

Women And Cancer.

Women hoping to prevent breast cancer should choose their physicians wisely. Always make sure to visit an expert in mammography. A start-up clinic or a medical professional straight out of school may not be your best option. Find someone with plenty of experience in the field to improve your chances of catching signs of cancer early.

Women who want to fight against breast cancer should understand how their breasts feel normally so that they can spot any change. Self-exams and paying close attention to the breasts is how you can accurately and immediately spot any change when you see or feel it. Many women are saved through self-exams.

There are online risk calculators that you can use to determine if you are at risk of getting breast cancer. They contain questionnaires that help women determine if they are in the high risk category for developing invasive breast cancer. These are not completely accurate but can give you an idea about whether it is something you should discuss with your doctor.

There is large concern over high death rates due to tobacco addiction. For those who can’t quit on their own, state Medicaid programs are increasing coverage for tobacco dependence. Although higher levels of coverage as well as coverage for pregnant women are needed, Medicaid is well on its way to offering help to those dependent on tobacco products.

Alcohol consumption increases the risk of some types of cancers, including the mouth, esophagus, liver and breast cancer in women. These risks increase with about one daily drink for women and two drinks daily for men. That would be 12 ounces of beer, five ounces of wine, or 1.5 ounces of 80-proof liquor. For lower cancer risks, limit your intake of alcohol.

Is Breast Cancer in men possible? Yes! Even though it may be rare, it is important for men to realize that they can also get Breast Cancer. Many men are unaware of the symptoms because they think only women can get it. If you are a man and you feel a lump in your chest, be sure to go to your doctor!

Ovarian cancer is a serious form of cancer that is hard to treat. The symptoms don’t usually make themselves known early, and there are no screening tests for early detection. There are several ways to reduce the risk of ovarian cancer such as a diet low in fat, sugar and red meat. Keeping weight down, and taking birth control pills can also reduce the risk. As a last resort, some women choose to have their ovaries removed after childbearing. This removes the risk entirely.

In addition to doing self-breast exams and having your mammograms, be sure to visit your doctor for regular exams. For women in their 20s and 30s, it should be done by a doctor at least once every three years. Women over thirty should have them examined at least once a year.

Beware that breast cancer can occur in women of all ages. Many women think that because they are in their twenties or thirties that they cannot get breast cancer, therefore, they ignore symptoms, like lumps in their breasts. If you feel anything suspicious, be sure to let your doctor know.

Regular screenings are important for men and women. As women are prone to breast cancer, men are prone to prostate cancer. As with breast cancer, early detection will give the man his best chance at successfully putting it in remission. It is wise therefore to be screened often.

In conclusion, cancer causes abnormal cells to grow in the body. These cells form tumors that can prevent organs from functioning properly, which can lead to fatal results. Cancer can sometimes be stopped before this fatal state is reached and if you remember the tips in this “Women” article, you too, can stop cancer.

Prostate Cancer – What Are the Treatment Options Available

Prostate cancer starts in the prostate, a gland located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. While the exact cause of prostate cancer is unknown, generally speaking it results from mutations in cell DNA.

How Common Is Prostate Cancer?

Other than skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American Men. The American Cancer Society’s estimates for prostate cancer in the United States for 2016 are:

– About 161,360 new cases of prostate cancer
– About 26,730 deaths from prostate cancer

Risk of Prostate Cancer:

Prostate cancer develops mainly in older men. About 6 cases in 10 are diagnosed in men aged 65 or older, and it is rare before age 40.

Signs of Prostate Cancer Include:

Mentioned below are a few of the important signs and symptoms of prostate cancer. Check with your doctor, if you have any of the following:

– Weak or interrupted flow of urine.
– Sudden urge to urinate.
– Trouble starting the flow of urine.
– Trouble emptying the bladder completely.
– Pain or burning while urinating.
– Blood in the urine or semen.
– A pain in the back, hips, or pelvis that doesn’t go away.
– Shortness of breath, feeling very tired, fast heartbeat, dizziness, or pale skin caused by anemia.

Treatment for Prostate Cancer

You might not have prostate cancer treatment straight away. Instead your doctors monitor your cancer closely. Depending on your situation, the treatment schedule is called as: active surveillance & watchful waiting.

Active surveillance

Active Surveillance means the doctors monitor your cancer closely and you have treatment if the cancer starts to grow. Usually this approach includes a doctor visit with a prostate-specific antigen (PSA level) blood test and digital rectal exam (DRE) about every 6 months. Prostate biopsies may be done every year as well. If your test results change, your doctor would then talk to you about treatment options.

Watchful Waiting

Watchful waiting is slightly different than active surveillance. The doctors monitor your cancer and you start treatment if you develop symptoms. The treatment aims to control your cancer.

Active surveillance and watchful waiting are reasonable options for those patients with slow growing cancers because they don’t know whether treating the cancer with surgery or radiation therapy will actually help them live longer.

Other Treatment Options Available for Prostate Cancer

There are many more options available for treating prostate cancer. Some of them include:

– Radiation Therapy
– Cryotherapy
– Hormone Therapy
– Chemotherapy
– Vaccine Treatment

NEW Vaccine Treatment for Prostate Cancer

PROVENGE is a prescription vaccine that is used to treat certain patients with advanced prostate cancer. PROVENGE is made from your own immune cells.

Surgery and radiation therapy remain the standard treatment for prostate cancer, but other, less popular treatment options like PROVENGE might be beneficial as well. Since PROVENGE is an immunotherapy that boosts your immune system, it should be used early on in your advanced prostate cancer treatment plan.


Prostate Cancer is the most common cause for cancer related deaths among men in the United States. It has been recently proven that, if detected earlier, prostate cancer can be effectively treated and cured. Therefore, it is advisable for men to have an annual medical check-up in order to examine their prostate’s size, texture, and general functioning.

Liver Cancer – Cause Of 600,000 Deaths In 2002!

Introduction: Liver cancer is the third leading cause of deaths due to cancer in the world after lung and stomach cancer, with nearly 600,000 deaths in 2002. A deadly cancer, It will kill nearly all patients who have it within one year. In 1990, the World Health Organization (wHO) estimated that there were about 430,000 new cases diagnosed on a world wide basis,and a similar number of people died as a result of this disease.

About 75% of the cases occur in Southeast Asia (China, Hong Kong,Taiwan, Korea, and Japan). The occurence of liver cancer in Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa is higher than 20 cases per 100,000 population. In contrast, the frequency of cases in North America and Western Europe is much less, fewer than five per 100,000 population. However, the frequency of cases among Alaskan natives is comparable to that seen in Southeast Asia.

CAUSE: The cause of liver cancer is usually cirrhosis (scarring of the liver). Cirrhosis may be caused by viral hepatitis, primarily hepatitis B and C, alcohol abuse, hemochromatosis, certain auto-immune diseases of the liver, and other diseases that result in chronic inflammation of the liver.

SYMPTOMS: Many patients with liver cancer do not develop symptoms until the advanced stages of the tumor which usually makes prognosis poor. Symptoms can include a lump or pain on the right side of your abdomen and yellowing of the skin. However, you may not have any symptoms and the cancer may not be found until it is advanced.

Liver cancer patients often don’t experience symptoms prior to diagnosis. As the disease progresses, symptoms begin to appear causing possible discomfort. If a patient has symptoms, his or her doctor may order special x-rays, such as a computed tomographic scan or a liver scan. If you experience any symptoms of liver cancer, you should report them to your doctor.

TYPES: Since the liver is made up of several different types of cells, numerous types of tumors can form in the liver. While there are other kinds of liver cancer, the most usual occuring form in adults is called hepatocellular carcinoma (huh-pat-uh-CELL-u-larcar-sin-o-muh). Physicians can identify several subtypes of hepatocellular cancer by studying tissue under a microscope. Most of these subtypes do not affect treatment or the patient’s outlook.

RISK: Risk factors for primary liver cancer include Having hepatitis, Having cirrhosis, or scarring of the liver, Being male, Low weight at birth. Patients with associated cirrhosis caused by chronic hepatitis B or C infections, alcohol, and hemochromatosis are at the greatest risk of developing this form of cancer.

The only hope for patients who are at risk for liver cancer is regular surveillance so that the cancers can be found early. But the most important news about primary liver cancer is that you can greatly reduce your risk by protecting yourself from hepatitis infection and cirrhosis, the leading causes of the disease.

TREATMENT: Treatments for primary liver cancer depend on the extent (stage) of the disease as well as the persons age, overall health, feelings and personal preferences. Treatments that your doctor will consider include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and in a few instances liver transplantation.

Aggressive surgery or liver transplantation can be successful in treating small or slow-growing tumors if they are found early. Primary liver cancer is hardly ever discovered early and usually doesn’t respond to current treatments. Thus, the prognosis is usually not very good. Even when treatments fail to produce much improvement in the cancer itself, pain and other signs and symptoms caused by the cancer can be aggressively treated to improve quality of life.

CONCLUSION: Liver cancer is the 5th most common cancer in the world. It may be difficult to diagnose early because patients often do not have any symptoms and the cancer usually grows quickly. It is usually diagnosed when tumors from other parts of the body have metastasized to the liver (metastatic liver cancer), but can also more rarely arise directly in the liver (primary liver cancer). The disease can begin within the liver (primary liver cancer or hepatocellular cancer) or metastisize to the liver (metastatic liver cancer) from other organs, such as the colon.

Even though many cancers are declining in the United States, new cases of primary liver cancer are increasing. Although the current techniques for surveillance are not very good at detecting early liver cancer, newer techniques are being tested and appear to be better. Because standard treatments often aren’t effective against the disease, you may want to consider participating in a clinical trial, a research study that tries to improve current treatments or find new treatments. More studies are needed to understand how targeted therapies may be used to control advanced liver cancer.

Love Hurts When You Have STD

Contracting STDs could be a most dreadful condition for anyone, but most especially for women who could be expecting a child at that time this happens. STD can bring about cancer of the uterus and of the cervix, or can be passed on to the baby during or after giving birth. But if having one kind of STD is bad enough, still a person can be inflicted with more than one kind of STD at the same time.

Chlamydia infection is one of the more popular STDs. Bacteria causes the disease and does not readily produce symptoms. The person can have unusual discharges in the vagina or penis and urinating could become an extremely uncomfortable undertaking due to the burning sensation and pain.

Genital herpes, on the other hand is viral in origin. Sores develop and cover the entire genital organs. The mother can transmit the disease to the baby. Treatment will cure the sores and lessen the festering of the wounds but it does nothing for the infection.

Furthermore, most of the times B hepatitis is the most frequently associated with sexual contact. The most common symptoms are yellow pigment covering large areas of the skin and the eyes as well. The patient can develop fever, different pains, and fatigue. To continue with, if it is not treated on time, they can complicate, leading to cirrhosis or hepatic cancer. Unfortunately, there is no traditional treatment, but there are anti hepatitis vaccines, which can prevent the disease.

Gonorrhea is another frequent STD, signaled by vagina and penis secretions, and pain while urinating. This disease is dangerous because it can lead to infertility. Nevertheless, it can be treated.

Ironically, syphilis does not give out signs of infection in its early stage. At first, there might appear skin blisters around the genital area that may seem insignificant. It can even get healed without any medication. However, eventually, the skin ulcers will reappear this time with headaches and joint pains. If not treated promptly, it can lead to loss of mental function.

Another STD is represented by genital warts, which can be triggered by a virus. There can emerge painless prominences in the genital and anal area, whose shape can be associated with a tiny cauliflower. Fortunately they can be treated in more manners.

Another kind of STD can be caused by lice, a kind of small insect that one could have caught from infested clothes or linens and lives in the pubic hair. Aside from grave discomfort and sometimes discomfiture caused by the itch, the disease can be treated without much problem.

In addition, scab is a skin infection caused by a parasite. It can spread rapidly, through sexual contact, skin contact, bed linen, towels, or furniture, which has been infested. It can be as well treated.

Albeit most of the diseases discussed above can be treated, prompt medical examination should be undertaken as soon as you notice something unusual in your system and believe that you have contracted a STD, to prevent spreading it to others. Understanding the consequences of liberalized sex through sex education can be a deterrent for contracting and spreading STDS.

Symptoms and Treatment Options for Cancer in the Bladder

According to the American Cancer Society, “Last year more than 16,390 deaths occurred due to cancer in the bladder”. Furthermore, 76, 960 new bladder cancers were found in the latest research.

Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer is common among aged people. The average diagnosis age is 73. Men have more chance of attracting cancer in the bladder then women. Three out of four men become the victim of bladder cancer than women. After diagnosing, patients may live up to five years and it may vary depending on their tumor stage.

Symptoms: Earlier Stage

Blood color variation is the first sign of cancer in the bladder. Urine comes with the color range from dark red, orange, and pink. Sometimes blood clots come with clean urine.

Also, be aware that blood might occur due to various reasons such as kidney stones, germ infection, and bladder issues. Blood will reappear in urine if the person has bladder cancer. Other early signs are burning sensation while urinating, feeble urine system, and incontinence.

Symptoms: Advanced stage

Advanced stage symptoms of bladder cancer are weight loss, feeling tired, loss of hunger, unable to urinate, swelling feet, and back pain.

Bladder cancer patient is advised to take PSA level screening. If the doctor finds elevated PSA level, then there is a chance of developing prostate cancer. If a patient is diagnosed with prostate cancer, then they have to take additional prostate cancer treatment.

A recent study shows that a bladder cancer patient has high percentage (6.6%) of getting prostate cancer than the general population.

PSA Test

PSA is a protein antigen and produced in the prostate gland. Doctors suggest prostate biopsy if the person has PSA level higher than 4.0 ng/mL. PSA test becomes mandatory for people above 40 years due to their lifestyle and diet. High PSA level is an indication of getting prostate cancer.

If the person has elevated PSA level of 10.0 ng/ml or more, then the risk of finding prostate cancer could be over 50 percent.


General treatment includes chemotherapy, bone treatment, surgery, radiation treatment, vaccine therapy, and active monitoring. Surgery is the final option when the non-invasive methods do not give the desired results.

Surgery can create lots of stress in the patient after the treatment. However, it can be solved by using less invasive robotics in surgery which is a new phenomenon in the modern era. Robots are an efficient way of treating prostate cancer, bladder cancer, and cancer of the kidney.

Prevent Cancer by Avoiding Endocrine Disruptors

Are you familiar with the endocrine system and the important role it plays in your overall health? If you’re like most Americans, you likely don’t. In a nutshell, the endocrine system is responsible for development and reproduction. When this becomes disrupted by certain chemicals found in everyday foods and products, it can result to adverse neurological and immune system effects. Once this happens, an assortment of ailments arise. This is the time when many Phoenix residents consult with a doctor of naturopathic medicine. Integrative medicine in Arizona naturopathic centers can be very helpful in reversing the effects of endocrine disruptors. In some cases, services like chelation therapy are performed on vulnerable patients.

How Does Endocrine Disruption Occur?

Knowledge is power, especially when it comes to your health. It’s important to know that there are certain chemicals found in plastics, cosmetics and foods that mimic your body’s natural hormones, such as estrogen, androgen and others produced by your thyroid glands.

When your endocrine becomes disrupted by these chemicals, it causes your hormonal signals to become blocked. It may even cause an interference with how your hormones or receptors are controlled or created.

Phoenix doctors that practice naturopathic medicine help patients learn how to maintain a healthy endocrine system.

How the Endocrine System Works

According to the Natural Resources Defense Council, your endocrine system is a very complex system made up of hormones and glands, which are responsible for regulating how your body functions, grows, matures and develops. It is also responsible for the operations of other organs in your body.

Your endocrine glands are made up of your adrenal, pituitary, thyroid, ovaries, thymus, testes and pancreas. All of these glands are responsible for emitting a specific amount of hormones as needed by your body. These hormones are released into your bloodstream, acting like little messengers, flowing throughout your body and controlling a variety of your life’s functions.

Any alterations in this complex system can be dangerous to your health. Unfortunately, many of us are exposed to these toxins throughout the day, every day.

Link Between Endocrine Disruptors and Cancer

A report was released back in 2013 by the World Health Organization and United Nations Environment Program. It is a very in depth report that shows a correlation between endocrine-disrupting chemicals and various ailments, including prostate cancer, ADHD and thyroid cancer.

If you’re worried that your lifestyle and diet could be exposing you to harmful endocrine disruptors, it’s time to consult with a naturopathic medicine doctor in Phoenix.

GERD – Symptoms To Be Aware Of

What is GERD? Symptoms can vary from one individual to another, but GERD is a stomach condition where the stomach acid get regurgitated / refluxed back up into the esophagus.

The main symptoms of GERD are acid indigestion or heartburn, acid reflux and nausea, although there are a number of other symptoms that can be present with GERD. Not everyone will have the same combination of symptom.

Reflux / Regurgitation

The Majority of people who have GERD have acid reflux where stomach contents are regurgitated into the esophagus. In the majority of cases, the stomach acid is only regurgitated into the lower part of the esophagus causing acid indigestion or heartburn. Some people report stomach contents being refluxed into the top of the esophagus and it can even reach the back of the mouth. In cases where there is regular reflux of stomach contents into the mouth some dental erosion can take place due to the acid.


Reflux can cause heartburn with stomach acid being regurgitated or refluxed into the esophagus causing burning to the lining. This causes a pain, often talked of as a burning sensation in the centre of the chest, behind the breast bone. The sensation can also be felt in the neck and back of the throat. Some sufferers describe it as feeling like a pressure in the chest, a sharp pain and is sometimes confused with a heart condition such as angina.

Heartburn tends to happen soon after eating, simply because this is when the most stomach acid is produced and because of the increased pressure in our stomachs it is also when when acid is most likely to be refluxed into the esophagus. It can also happen frequently at night.

Nocturnal acid reflux causing heartburn comes about because when we are lying down it is easier for stomach acid to be regurgitated. Saliva production also reduces at night as does our swallow reflex, letting refluxed stomach acid to stay in contact with the lining of the esophagus for longer. This can allow acid to be aspirated into the lungs at night causing irritation to the lining of the lungs.

Nausea / Vomiting

Although one of the more uncommon symptoms, unexplained vomiting or nausea are both considered possible symptoms.

Throat Inflammation

When acid from the stomach refluxed into the throat, it can attack the lining, larynx and voice box leading to damage to the vocal chords. This can lead to patients experiencing hoarseness in the mornings.


Inflammation of the lining esophagus caused by regurgitated stomach acids is known as esophagitis.

Esophageal Ulcers / Ulcerated Esophagus

In cases where esophagitis is particularly severe, the esophageal lining can develop ulcers with small sections of the lining destroyed by the corrosive effect of acid. In severe cases where ulcers become further damaged by acid, it can develop into bleeding in the esophagus.

Esophageal Strictures

As the lining of the esophagus heals it can lead to scar tissue forming resulting in strictures of the esophagus. Scar tissue is less flexible and often builds up effectively narrowing the esophagus making it hard to swallow, a condition known as dysphagia.

Coughs and Asthma Like Symptoms

Damage to the esophagus can lead to a chronic cough in some GERD patients. In some cases stomach acid can be aspirated (breathed into) the lungs causing irritation and damage to the lining of the lungs. If allowed to continue this can lead to chest infections, pneumonia and scarring of the lungs, a condition known as pulmonary fibrosis

Barrett’s Esophagus

In prolonged or severe cases of acid reflux the lining of the esophagus can change to resemble the stomach lining. Our stomachs have a mucus layer that protects them from the effects of stomach acid. In people who have developed Barretts, the cells in the lower esophagus change to develop a protective mucus membrane in response to the repeated exposure to acid. As cells change they can be left susceptible to developing cancer and there is an increased incidence of cancer of the esophagus in people with Barrett’s Esophagus.

Most GERD cases can be treated effectively with lifestyle changes and with the help of medication. Where this fails to be effective there are various surgical procedures that can be tried.